Strategic Objective 3 – Support Infrastructure Development
A necessary condition for a flourishing digital society is the development of robust infrastructures, both physical communication infrastructures and supporting process infrastructures ("soft infrastructures").
A necessary condition for a flourishing digital society is the development of robust infrastructures, both physical communication infrastructures and supporting process infrastructures (“soft infrastructures”). As noted, regarding physical infrastructures there is room for improving the current level of communication infrastructures in Israel. Israel is ranked only 24th among the 34 OECD member states in broadband penetration, and only 25th in the world in terms of average transmission rate. Therefore, in order to optimally exploit the advantages of ICT, the State of Israel must support the development of cable and mobile communication infrastructures that will underpin technological developments and modern digital applications.
Alongside the physical component, “soft” infrastructures must be developed to create favorable conditions for extensive growth of digital activity in the Israeli economy and the government. Adapting regulation, primarily the process of removing regulatory barriers, is a key condition in driving business entrepreneurship and developing an advanced technological and digital environment. Also, a safe and reliable internet arena where the rights, privacy and personal information of all users are maintained will encourage individuals and businesses to expand their online activity and is therefore vital for realizing the potential offered by ICT. Furthermore, freedom of expression and free access to information, which are vitally important for the social resilience of the State of Israel and its democratic nature, must be ensured.
The National Initiative also addresses the infrastructures necessary for advancing the digital revolution, focusing on two key areas:
- Developing physical infrastructures
- Promoting an enabling digital activity ecosystem
Advance 4 and 4.5 Generation Mobile
(led by the Communications Ministry)
Mobile communication operators are already in the midst of laying advanced technological infrastructures that enable increased mobile internet data transmission speed, improved service quality, and solutions to large capacity needs. The Communications Ministry is examining reductions in frequency fees and is taking steps, among other things, to clear the frequencies in the “first giga” and to formulate policy regarding E-Band microwave frequencies.